is the medical term used when there are no sperm in the ejaculate.


Azoospermia means that a man’s ejaculate does not contain sperm. Causes include blockages along thereproductive tract, hormonal problems, ejaculation problems, and problems with testicular structure orfunction. Many causes are treatable and fertility can be restored. Live sperm may be available for use inassisted reproductive technology for other reasons. 

About 10% of infertile men and 1% of all men have azoospermia. Imagine a stadium attended by 50,000 menin a match. From about 5,000 of them he suffers from infertility, 7,500 of which his 500 becomeazoospermic! 

What causes azoospermia?

Some genetic conditions like Klinefelter’s syndrome, treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy,recreational drugs like narcotics, anatomical abnormalities like varicocele, lack of bilateral vas deferens,and many others. possible causes are known. Perhaps the most obvious cause is a vasectomy, whichprevents sperm from combining with other fluids in semen. However, in most cases, azoospermia may bedue to factors that are not fully understood, such as: B. Poor testicular development as a geneticcondition, fetus/child or environmental toxin. 

What are the symptoms of azoospermia

You may have no symptoms or be unaware that you have azoospermia until your efforts to conceive areunsuccessful. Other signs and symptoms you encounter may be related to underlying causes such as: B. Ahormonal imbalance or a genetic chromosomal disorder.

Otherwise, you may experience symptoms such as: 


Obstructive azoospermia can be treated by reconnecting or reconstructing the tubes or ducts that allow spermflow. This may mean surgery or other procedures. Hormone treatments and medications can also help if theunderlying cause is low hormone production.

Non-obstructive azoospermia may or may not respond to treatment. But there is good news:
Pregnancy with a biological child may be achieved through in vitro fertilization or intracytoplasmic sperminjection. 


Dr. Indu Madhusudhan

MBBS, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Speciality : Infertility Specialist, Gynecologist, Obstetrician Experience : 22+ Years Experience
Languages spoken : English, Kannada ,Hindi , Marathi


Dr. Madhusudhan H.R

MS - General Surgery, MCh - Urology/Genito-Urinary Surgery, DNB - Urology/Genito - Urinary Surgery, MNAMS - General Surgery, FRCS - General Surgery, MBBS

Speciality : Infertility Specialist, Gynecologist, Obstetrician Experience : 22+ Years Experience
Languages spoken : English, Kannada ,Hindi , Marathi

Sushma Dasari
Sushma Dasari
It's a gods grace to meet Dr.Indu Madhusudhan, our life has changed completly because of her advices, I am conceived now and expecting a baby in few days. She is extremely patient friendly, polite and smiling in addressing all our concerns. More to it she also made us feel comfortable in communicating freely during the appointments. I would say she is one of the top most gynaecologist with impeccable knowledge. Thank you mam for utmost care and advices.
Suseela kurakula
Suseela kurakula
Very good consultation...and preferable
vinutha prabhakar
vinutha prabhakar
I have known Dr.Indu for over a year now. She is extremely kind and helpful. Patiently addressed all our concerns. She has such a positive aura which is calming. She has been of great support in my pregnancy journey! I am so glad to have consulted her. Thank you, Doctor.
Srujana Banjagere
Srujana Banjagere
Extremely kind and empathetic. carefully investigates your entire history and explains the options available. Doctor is very transparent and knowledgeable. She also has a soothing aura. Definitely recommend to anyone trying for a baby.
sonali manure
sonali manure
Doctor is very professional and friendly. I am so grateful to have met her. 🙂🙏
Pratibha Kulkarni
Pratibha Kulkarni
We are thankful to Dr.Indu for always being there for us. Throughout our infertility journey she gave us hope and encouraged us to not give up. We really appreciate her knowledge, friendliness and frankness. Her calm demeanour and constant guidance helped us keep calm through our challenging pregnancy and emergency c-section. She has not just been our doctor but also a friend and a guide.

Are you Considering to go for Fertility Treatment but worried about which one to choose?

Why not book an appointment and our experts will be happy to advise you.

Frequently Asked Questions

Before your first appointment, one of our clinical care coordinators will call you to discuss your case and review what appointments to expect. The clinical care coordinator will make sure all appointments are arranged in a timely fashion. Each of our patients is unique and treated individually, and the schedule of doctors you see will be tailored specifically to your needs. The doctors will discuss your care options with you and answer any questions that you may have regarding your diagnosis and management.

We are dedicated to helping pregnant women and their families after a significant birth defect or genetic condition has been detected. Specialists from both obstetrics and pediatrics work together as a team to determine the best way to care for you and your unborn baby, both during and after your pregnancy.

Whenever possible, we create an integrated appointment plan, so that you can meet with the multiple subspecialists involved in your case. Some patients come here for a second opinion and go back to their obstetrician. Other patients transfer their care to Columbia as their delivery date approaches to make sure their baby immediately receives the necessary specialized pediatric care after birth.


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